What is it like working in the film industry?
I would not say that the film industry is something that comes easy to some people. As a more imaginative introvert, doing the most practical duties can be quite stressful. Though, there is more to the film industry than everyone expects, if you do not happen to work in the industry already. It is not just about pointing the camera to very good ‘imitators’ for the entertainment of others, it is immensely more than that. so much time and effort goes into actually making the production. The crews are quite colossal, even the allocation of 10 to carry out roles on a short film is way too small, so much creation comes from each department. The director has a picture in mind and tries to find people who would express the idea, in a way that seems suitable to them. An alternative would be the writer of the script, finding people to fulfil the idea. Other than that, there are so many roles for each individual and all roles are crucial, whether you are directing or focus pulling, production management or part of the art department, editing or sound, without the crucial components of the team, it will be more problematic for the true goal to be reached. That goal would be making the film and completing it with success. The film industry depends on team work. It can not all be done by one person, even films with one actor. The sound has to be in check, the focus has to be sharp, the props required must be suitable for said scene. The jobs are quite lengthy, sometimes even tedious. That is to say, if you do not have the passion or perseverance to work in film, you should not do it. Directing sounds very pretentious to everyone; it shows success. From Wes Anderson, to Guillermo Del Toro, who wouldn’t want to be proud and say, I have won x academy awards and I will seem cool and make money. These directors worked very intensely to get where they are today and if there is no propensity, you can not make it and you should not consider doing it.
Give 10 examples of qualities you need to work in the film industry
- Perseverance-To never give up as many say. Perseverance is quite key,as it very rare to start a career in film and suddenly be on the top, whether acting or directing. There will be times that some films will not have a successful outcome , or if you are acting, you will not always get the role , that you aspire for. If you give up before the first hurdle, so much dreams would go into landfill and never be seen again. Every piece of hard work counts but the only thing that keeps one working is if they never give up.
2. Organisation: It is important to always have a set plan on what is required to doing each day of each scene or what exercises are required to improve acting. If there is a lack of organisation, the film lacks the chance of reaching great potential. No one will be aware of what they are doing and hence, the crew will not be able to work their best. It is important to have a schedule and shot list, to complete the film in time and maintain crew synchronisation.
3. Independence-Although you do require team work, you also have to sometimes take initiative if the crew is not as organised so it does not create a domino effect on the whole team. The domino effect can push back deadlines which is not an issue to aspire to deal with. Make sure that you don’t always rely on the team, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t trust your team, but don’t use the team as you backbone of duties.
4. An open mind- This does greatly stand out to directors and camera operators. This is the due to fact that only sticking to shot lists or certain ideas that you may have created from the script can always be improved and refined, that even includes excluding certain actions and even improvising. If everything appeals real and thematic to the film’s element, it can be perceived well to the audience and no one will know… With camera operators, the shot list is a great guide, but until it is actually been filmed, we can not say which shot is best. This means that if a scene, requires an extreme close up and it doesn’t seem natural, don’t use it! change it while you can. Editing can only do so much.
5. Punctuality- Always be on time, no matter which role is being played, whether key or supporting. If there a persistence in tardiness, it really pushes back schedule which can affect the ending of shooting and post production.
6. Communication-Communication acts as a gate way to share ideas and motives for the actual. This is important as it can make or break a film, but it can also provide networks for people to gain opportunities. Though, if someone lacks communication, many opportunities may be lost and conflict can be caused, if no one corresponds as a team.
7. Team work- Yes, I did put independence on the list, but the film industry is a collaborative industry, so if no one can work in a collaborative space, to create a film will not work, in terms of creation, because not everyone may agree.
8. Creation- Creation is the root to a good film, Creation is the key point of making each film be unique, even if they are in the same genre. If an idea, is not creative enough, in the sense that it isn’t unique, the movie may be type casted and would not play a legendary effect in future aspirations.
9. Assertiveness- You should not be afraid in explaining to people, how the job should be carried out, if not done correctly. If equipment is not handled correctly, it should be said so, each part is crucial and if one piece of equipment breaks, it may increase shooting duration, as it will need to be replaced. Though, when being assertive, it should be in a professional manner to the work can be continued.
10. A set goal: All the requirements above, will have no purpose if there is not a set goal. The goal has to be clear, concise and doable in the time that you have given for shooting and post production. If there is no set goal, the work is towards nothing and the success of everything else, no matter how great the film may be, will fail.
***The links below may help if you need more info after your masterclass with Rupert:
Useful for job roles and progression as well as information about the industry
Good introduction to working in the industry
Why is time management important in the film industry?
The first thing we should do is to acknowledge what time management is. It is more than just ‘managing time.’ phrasing it as that, makes it seem very boring, but time management is a very valuable conceptual trait that can influence the work of other people, depending on your personality. If you work well with people or not ,it can still influence people to want to be like ‘you’ in this form. An actual definition (from the various worded definitions) would be ‘the ability to use one’s time effectively or productively, especially at work.’ If we were to highlight each part of the phrase, we will be able to conclude why it is important in a place like the ‘film industry.’
It is a capability, or some sort of proficiency that we, as humans are able to all possess. Some say it is a talent, but in this context, it will be kind of flawed, everyone has the ability to manipulate time, in a scheduled form, but some prefer it more to others. in a place like film, we must be able to adapt a way to manipulate time, even though it may not seem natural. Being punctual, keeping on film schedule, allows the other colleagues on all production sets, whether pre-production-, shooting and post production to all work together and better on the collaborative project. Though, as I said before, we all have the ability to ‘manage’ and manipulate time, which means each person in the team, has to participate in doing that. As a result it may maximise and enhance the project and production process. One thing to note, even if we can manipulate time, and become punctual, time management, is mainly valid when it is used effectively.
Using time effectively
- Time, can be easily wasted, due to procrastination or the delay of other colleagues, or even not having the willpower to complete a task. This does happen to everyone, including directors and screenwriters, even editors. Ineffective time can fall into postponing schedules and delay film release, on a greater scale that is. It can be hard to escape that loop, since time in this case, can not be controlled. Though the best way to use time effectively, is understand the concept of each plan properly and not schedule many tasks into a short amount of time, small steps in large spaces, can produce a art piece will more people can value, because they are able to pick out the significant parts to form a whole opinion on the project created.
The film industry, is a work environment. Each role that outlines the industry, requires effective time management. Even the most minute roles need to have effective time management, it increases general group productivity and in fact, IT will make the people have a greater reputation, It may even cause a quicker promotion ranking in the industry.
Give at least 4 examples of good time management skills
***please upload the call sheets for your two shoots, and any other production documentation (schedules etc)
Describe the key aspects of health and safety when working on film productions
Health and Safety, can realistically make or break a film. If there is a lack of health and safety, unnecessary conflict can take place. I shall give an example: An independent, director casts a famous actor for a thriller film. On set, their budget is wisely spent on props, planning, sets etc. and each person is paid fairly, depending on their role to the film. But they forget to hire a health and safety team, experts in ensuring that everything on set is risk free and to ensure that a risk assessment is put in place. There is a scene being shot, where the actor has to fall from a building. There are no stunt double. This results in the actor doing the stunt, and injuring their neck severely. This causes the actor to sue the team, and since the director is independent, and is not world-renowned as of yet, they can not afford to continue the film any further, signifying the director’s dream has come to an end and is left with debt.
Healthy and Safety, on a film set has to be thoroughly carried out. A Risk assessment has to be made, as it will act as a way to stay safe when there are different requirements for each shooting set up or location, as it will be all individually based and so, the risks as need to be highlighted. It entails the identifications of all the possible hazards as well as evaluate the risks of the set. It would be a great tip to place safeguards, to minimise the risk hence, it will save shooting time.
***please upload the risk assessment for your primary shoot
1.4 & 1.5
***please summarise or upload the copyright information you learned in your first editing class with Tom
We (I) did not learn anything in our editing class with ‘Tom.’ specifically about the copyrighting laws, but during editing, He acted as a very informative and knowledgeable guide about the editing environment and the process, which I happened to be very enlightened in. He is , therefore a really great editor and I will not throw him under the bus for not mentioning ‘copyright laws,’ unless I was not present when he mentioned them. But, if that was the case, he did not mention them, and so I can not summarise this piece.
Why does copyright law exist?
Copyright law, is basically a law that is passed amongst many media settings to prevent the copying of original artwork without the permission of the creator. This can be through music, filming, art pieces etc. The person who owns the piece has the right to allow certain people to use their pieces,as long as the people do not claim it as their own work, and ensures that they are credited for it.
What kind of work is covered by copyright?
. written pieces
.movies and music
What might happen if you were to use copyrighted material in your film?
It is best ,before using copyrighted material, to ask for permission before actually using created content. It can be expensive, but it can best to play safe. Though, not everyone can afford to pay for copyright, so If copyrighted material were to be used in the film. the created piece has to be clearly acknowledge, to present that is it foreign created work. The work could be taken down.
For example: Ryan Higa (YouTuber NigaHiga) is a very known YouTuber, mainly for his skits and creatively states phrases in his skit videos, as an inside joke for the times that went through copyright infringement. Around 2006-2007, He would upload videos which would receive a massive amount of views, due to its comedic creativity, but he would add music in them, without any sort of permission of accreditation to the musician or artist. He broke copyright law and so, those YouTube Videos were taken down. For him to continue creating content, he had to ensure that music he would use was either his own or no copyrighted music.
How can you make sure not to infringe copyright law in your film?
Copyright infringement is ‘ the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.’ as credited by Wikipedia (see what I did there?) . It is a dangerous act to do in the media world, you could get sued for a high amount of money, for infringing someone else’s work. To avoid this, the artist or company would need to be accredited, through the script or in the credits. But, on a larger scale film, it would be best to ask for permission and pay a feasible commission to the creator, to prevent them from suing the movie company.
How has copyright law affected your film production?
In the film spaghetti, the couple was seen using a couple of ‘sainsbury’s’ bags to present that they came back from shopping. If sainsbury’s were to see our short film, as we did not ask for permission to use it, they would have right to sue us. Though, we decided to improvise a short sentence , in the script on the day, to acknowledge ‘Sainsbury’s’ the company to avoid infringement and possible sue.
***You might also find the following links useful to complete this section: